Nachlese zur Veranstaltung: How attention creates synaptic tags for the guidance of plasticity and learning

Wann: 16. August 2013 um 10:30
Wo: TU Graz, SR PZ204072

Das Institute for Theoretical Computer Sciences lud zum Vortrag von Prof. Pieter Roelfsema (Nederlands Herseninstituut, Institute for Neuroscience).

Veranstaltungsinhalt:

Many forms of animal learning are guided by rewards and punishments. Animals learn complex tasks that consist of multiple epochs by the appropriate choice of reward contingencies. It is not well understood how the association cortices learn to link sensory stimuli and memory representations to motor programs when animals learn to map stimuli onto responses. I will present AuGMEnT (Attention Gated MEmory Tagging), a biologically plausible model that can train a neuronal network to perform a large variety of tasks while only stimuli and reward contingencies are varied.

The model’s aim is to learn action values in a feedforward neuronal network. It is equipped with mechanisms to overcome the structural and the temporal credit assignment problem. The temporal credit assignment problem is solved by a form of Q-learning. The structural credit assignment problem is solved by ‘attentional’ feedback from motor cortex to association cortex that “tags” synapses that should change to improve behavior. The new learning rule can train a simple neural network in many tasks that are in use in neurophysiology, including (1) delayed saccade tasks; (2) memory saccade tasks; (3) saccade-antisaccade tasks; and (4) classification tasks.

Interestingly, neurons at intermediate levels of the network acquire visual responses and memory responses during training that resemble the tuning of neurons in association areas of the cerebral cortex of animals that are trained in these same tasks. I will discuss that AuGMEnT is a powerful and biologically realistic learning rule that accounts for learning in delayed reward tasks that involve non-linear mappings from sensory stimuli and working memory onto motor responses.

 

Professor Roelfsema is one of the leading neuroscientists in Europe. He became especially known for the insight that his experimental work has brought to our understanding of the interaction of several cortical areas in cognitive vision, and the role of specific laminae of neurons in that context. In his talk in Graz he will report about a new approach towards understanding synaptic plasticity in the context of systems neuroscience.

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